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  • 2013高考考前冲刺专题——作文
  • 作者: 来源: 时间:2013-6-9 20:55:50 阅读次 【
  • 1. 各省2013高考压轴卷——书面表达

    2013年各省英语高考压轴卷作文.doc

     

    扬州中学最后一卷:扬州中学 最后一卷.doc

     

    2. 高考英语作文高分词盘点

    在高考作文阅卷过程中,老师会对一些“高级”词汇尤为偏爱。但是,大多数同学根本不具备单词升级意识,一想到“好”,就是“good”;一想到“坏”,就是“bad”;一想到“美丽”就是“beautiful”。当老师一天批阅上千份“内容相同、语言低龄”的作文时,她的痛苦感受可想而知。

     因此,你一定要避免这些“低能词汇”,让自己的词汇升级、升级再升级!

     那么,什么样的单词最能够吸引阅卷老师的好感?我们发现,能够吸引阅卷老师好感的单词满足四大原则:

    【原则一:晚词优先】

    老师偏爱“学得晚”的单词,因为使用学得比较晚的单词,可以体现一个人“学以致用”的意识。如果一个意思既可以用初中单词来表达,又可以用高二、高三单词来表达,那尽量选择高二、高三的单词,如:

    (1)Adj.困难的

    黯然低分词:difficult

    闪光高分词:challenging 有挑战性的

    (2)Adj.重要的

    黯然低分词:important

    闪光高分词:vital 至关重要的;essential 必不可少的;significant 有重要意义的;

    (3)Adj.美丽的

    黯然低分词:beautiful

    闪光高分词:appealing动人的;attractive 吸引人的;charming迷人的;fascinating 迷人的

    注:以上五个词既能修饰人,又能修饰物,非常好用,务必记熟!

    【原则二:短语优先】

    在阅卷老师看来,活用短语是一个考生能力的体现。因此,我们可以掌握一些将某些常见单词转化为短语的用法,如:

    (4)v. 参加

    黯然低分词:join

    闪光高分词:take part in

    (5)v. 使用

    黯然低分词:use

    闪光高分词:make good use of

    (6)v. 拜访

    黯然低分词:visit

    闪光高分词:pay a visit to

    (7)最常见的换词手段:形容词=of+同根名词

    【原则三:“具体化”单词优先】

    请先对比以下几组句子:

    【例句1】I go to school everyday.

    【例句2】I ride to school everyday.

    在课堂上,笔者经常以这两个句子为例,讲解“具体化”的重要性。很多同学都能感觉到例句2要比例句1好。究其原因,是例句2中的rode比例句1中的went更加具体:went只表达了“去”的意思,而rode不但表达出“去”的意思,还能表达出具体的交通方式。也就是说,例句2表达的信息量比例句1更加丰富。

    再如:

    【例句3】Mr Wang is a good teacher.

    【例句4】Mr Wang is a kind, patient and knowledgeable teacher.

    例句3只表达出Mr Wang是一个“好”老师,而到底“好”在哪些方面,却没有具体说清楚;例句4则清楚地告诉读者,Mr Wang好在三个方面:和蔼(kind)、耐心(patient)以及知识丰富(knowledgeable)。

    因此,我们必须学会换用更为具体的单词表达我们的思想,如:

    (8)adj. 学习

    黯然低分词:learn

    闪光高分词:research研究;pick up偶然学到,顺便学到,轻松学到;master掌握

    (9)n. 好老师

    黯然低分词:a good teacher

    闪光高分词:a kind, patient and knowledgeable English teacher一个善良、耐心、博学的老师

    当然,除了替换某些表意抽象的单词,我们还可以通过增加细节成分,使表达更为具体,如,例句2可以加上同伴、心情等信息,进一步改写成:

    【例句5】I,together with Tom and Jerry, rode to the Zhongshan park yesterday,feeling rather excited.

    同样的,例句4也可以加上一个定语从句,写出Mr Wang到底擅长哪些事情,如:

    【例句6】Mr Wang is a kind, patient and knowledgeable teacher who knows how to enlighten us students.

    可以看到,例句5和例句6两个句子采用“具体化”的手段,将原本毫无生气的句子顿时变得生动形象了。

    综上所述,想让你的表达“具体化”,一共有两种常用方法,其一,是换掉某些表意不明确的单词,换上表意更加明确具体的单词;其二,是在句中适当增加细节成分。“具体化”的好处,是让句子的含义更加丰富,让读者更容易由句子展开丰富的联想,随着作者一起经历、一起思考、一起感动。在平时的学习、训练中,与其生硬地使用超纲词汇,不如好好熟悉大纲单词,用好“具体化”的两种方法,为你的作文增光添彩。

    事实上,“具体化”在汉语写作中也有同样的体现。比如,要表达“惜别”的感情,光说“再见”是不够的,应该像诗人那样,用具体化的细节带动感情,写出梦幻般的文字:“让我与你握别/再轻轻抽出我的手/ 知道思念从此生根/ 浮云白日/ 山川庄严温柔...”

    这就是“具体化”的作用,你体会到了吗?

    【原则四:大纲词汇的衍生词优先】

    在高中英语中,我们已经涉及到了词根词缀的知识。运用这些知识,可以将很多高中词汇衍生为四六级词汇甚至托福、雅思(微博)词汇。如果能够熟练使用一两个这种词汇,你的作文肯定“碉堡了”!

    举例如下,看看箭头后面的替换词都是由哪些单词变来的?

    (10)adj. 当然地

    黯然低分词:certainly

    闪光高分词:obviously 明显地;undoubtedly 毫无疑问地;evidently显然地;

    (11)adj. 不开心的

    黯然低分词:sad

    闪光高分词:discouraged气馁的;depressed沮丧的;downhearted垂头丧气的;low-spirited意志消沉的;

    可以看出,这里列举的“大纲词汇衍生词”看上去都相当“有水平”,但都是由大纲中的简单单词加上某些前缀、后缀变来的,可以说又好记,又好用,你学会了吗?

     

    3.【历年满分作文及点评】

    【09 江苏】

    鼠标是计算机时代最佳的人机交互工具之一。它极大地方便了人们的计算机操作。但是,过分依赖鼠标的习惯也会带来一些不利影响。请你以鼠标为切入点,根据下表所提示的信息,用英语写一篇短文。

    鼠标的必要性对多数人来说,操作计算机,上网冲浪……

    鼠标的便捷性点击、移动、插入、拷贝、删除……编辑文本,搜索信息……

    收发邮件,选购商品……

    点播音乐,下载电影……

    如果过分依赖鼠标…… (请考生结合自身感受,列举两到三点)

    注意:

    1.对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。

    2.词数150左右。开头已经写好,不计人总词数。

    3.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。

    The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a computer.

    For most people, it’s almost impossible to operate a computer without a mouse, let alone surf the Internet. A well-chosen mouse is really handy, flexible and convenient in controlling the screen. With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want. It can even bring us a flood of music, movies and PC games. Just imagine, all this can be done with a cute mouse.

    A convenient tool can certainly make our work easier, but it doesn’t always help in a positive way. Too much ready information on our fingertips leaves little room for knowledge pursuing. Too many ready answers make us less excited in finding truth. Relying too much on mouse clicking makes us lazier and less creative both mentally and physically.

    【名师点评】

    本文为提纲式说明文体裁,所选内容与我们生活相关,考生只要把所给要点逐条陈述,适度发挥,不要逐条翻译即可。文章说理清楚,语言流畅,句式表达多样,用词恰当、准确。不失为一篇满分作文。

     

    【2010年】

    实现有效的沟通,建立良好的人际关系,不仅要善于言表,更要学会倾听。请你根据下表中所提供的信息,写一篇题为 “Being a Good Listener” 的英文演讲稿。

    注意:

    1、对所给要点,逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。

    2、词数150左右。开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数。

    3、演讲稿中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。

    Good afternoon, everyone.

    The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”.

    Good listening can always show respect, promote understanding, and improve interpersonal relationship.

    Many people suggest that parents should listen more to their children, so they will understand them better, and find it easy to narrow the generation gap; teachers should listen more to their students, then they can meet their needs better, and place themselves in a good relationship with their students; students should listen more to their classmates, thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed.

    What I want to stress is that each of us should listen to others. Show your respect and never stop others till they finish their talk; show you are interested by a supportive silence or a knowing smile; be open-minded to different opinions even though you don’t like them. In a word, good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other.

    Thank you for your listening!

    【名师点评】

    这是一篇感情真挚、热情洋溢的演讲稿,文中大量运用排比句型,不但准确流畅地表达出题目中所提供的信息,而且体现出作者熟练运用英语的能力以及不俗的文采。第三段中所使用的相同结构的复合句式,将倾听的对象及其作用阐述得淋漓尽致;而第四段中用一系列的祈使句议论应如何倾听,则更进一步地增强了这篇演说稿的说服力。

     

    【2011年】

    作文题目

    假设你是李华,你的英国笔友Bob将于九月到你所在城市的建新华文学校学中文,来信请你在学校附近为他找一套住房。请根据图画提供的信息,写信介绍住房的情况,并告知住房面积为25平方米,月租500元。

    注意:

    1.词数:100左右:

    2.参考词汇:房租—Tent(n.).

    I’m very happy to receive your letter, and I’m glad to hear that you will go to China to learn Chinese here. I have already found a fiat for you. It is on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. Bus No.11 can take you there, and it is one stop before the Chinese School. The flat is on the third floor with 3 rooms, one of which is bedroom, the other two are bathroom and kitchen. There are a bed, a sofa, a desk and some chairs in this 25 square-metres small fiat, and the rent is 500 yuan per month. Maybe this fiat is not as good as your wish, but I’ll try my best to meet your needs. If it is not suitable enough, write to me and I will look for another better place.

    Hope you will come here soon!

    All the best!

    Yours, Li Hua

    满分理由

    本文格式正确,意思表述完整,行文流畅自然。作者在写作过程中注意长短句并用,还使用了以'which,’引导的非限定性定语从句,从而使文章层次分明,富于变化,不愧为考场佳作。

     

    Dear Bob,

    Welcome to China! You wrote to me to find a place for you.

    I have found an apartment on Fangcao Street near Jianxin Chinese School. It is on the third floor and there’re three rooms in it: a bedroom, a kitchen, and a bathroom. There is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair in the bedroom. The house is 25 square metres and the rent is 500 yuan per month.

    Also from this house you can get to your school easily. Just take the No.11 bus at the bus-stop in front of the building. It is only one stop. At last, will you please tell me the time you arrive? Then I’U be able to meet you at the airport, see you.

    Best wishes !

    Yours, Li Hua

    满分理由

    本文格式正确,内容完整,表述清楚,衔接紧密流畅,时态语态使用准确,特别是结尾末段适度的发挥,既充实了内容,又符合逻辑,成为本文与众不同的亮点。

     

    Dear Bob,

    How are you these days?

    I’m so glad to know that you’ll come to our city to learn Chinese. You asked me to find a place for you. Now I’ve found one which I think is pretty good. The place is on Fang Cao Street which is near the No.11 bus stop. It’s just one stop away from Jianxin Chinese School.

    There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a bedroom. Though it is not very big, only 25 square metres, I think it is suitable. By the way, the rent is 500 yuan per month. I hope you’ll like it. If not, I’ll try to find another place for you.

    Yours,

    Li Hua

    满分理由

    本文内在逻辑性很强,由远及近。由外及内,层次分明,错落有致。同时让步状语从句运用得恰到好处,很出彩,再则结构完整,从开头的问候语到结尾都很完备。

     

    Dear Bob,

    I’m so glad that you are coming to learn Chinese here. I’ve already found you a house near our school. I’d like to tell you something about it.

    You may get on No.ll bus at Fang Cao Street and the next stop is just Jian Xin Chinese School. The house is near the school. It is about 25 square metres. In the bedroom, there is a bed, a sofa standing against the wall and a table near the window. You may find a light on the table and a chair next to it. There are two other rooms connecting the bedroom. The left one is a bathroom and the right one is a kitchen. So you may cook by yourself. The rent for the house is 500 yuan per month. Hope you’ll enjoy staying here!

    Yours,

    Li Hua

    满分理由

    本文内容具体,详略得当,表述方式很有创造力和新意,长短句并用,语言结构富于变化,错落有致,顺畅圆润,尤其是情态动词和分词的运用很独到,为文章增色不少。

     

    【2012年】

    高考英语满分作文:吸烟有害

    1. It has been estimated that smokers have made up half of the population in China. And the smokers are becoming younger and younger, even ineluding some middle school students.

    Nowadays more and more people have realized smoking can do harm to people'shealth. However, some people still enjoy smoking. Why? Because some of them think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others, think that smoking can refresh themselves.

    In fact, smoking is a bad habit. It can cause a lot of diseases. Meanwhile smoking is a waste of money. Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous fires.

    Smoking is harmful and it is not only bad for smokers themselves, but also bad for non-smokers.

    Therefore, I hope all the smokers can give up smoking for themselves and also for the people around them.

     

    2. It is said that there are about half of people in China are smoking.Many young boys and girls have the habit of smoking, though they are middle school students.

    As we all know, smoking does great harm to human beings. More and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. But they are never bored with it. Some people think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others think that smoking can refresh themselves.

    Smoking causes many illnesses. A lot of people always cough because of smoking. The most serious illness caused by smoking is lung cancer. Meanwhile smoking is a waste of money. Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous fires.

    In order to keep healthy, we should get rid of the bad habit of smoking. Please stop smoking at once.

     

    高考英语满分作文:私家车

    1. Nowadays more and more families own private cars. Private cars, as the product of modem civilization, have been playing a vital role in people's daily activities. First, private cars are a convenient means of transportation. You can go wherever you like. Secondly, there is no doubt that private cars will have a great impact on the economic growth. The rapid car industry growth will contribute much to keeping the country's economy growing at a higher rate in the near futrue.

    But every coin has two sides. The development of the private cars will bring about a series of problems. For example, the polluted air given off by cars will do great harm to our health, too many private cars will lead to traffic jams and a great deal of energy will be wasted and so on.

    So I think we should take advantages of private cars and make them serve us better. Meantime we hope that satisfactory solutions to these negative problems will be found soon.

     

    2. Nowadays more and more private cars have entered thousands of ordinary families. Privatecars are used every day to carry i people to and from work. At weekends, private cars take families on joyful outings. Most of people living in the city like private cars very much. What is more, the development of the car industry will stimulate other industries, such as iron and steel production. So the private car benefits the growth of economy.

    Private cars, like everything else, have more than one face. Private cars have also given rise to a series of problems. For example, the street are crowded with cars. They not only cause traffic accidents which injure or kill a large number of people each year, but also make great noise and give off many poisonous gases. But I believe we can solve all of the problems in the near futrue.

     

    高考英语满分作文:To Thomas

    摘要:假如你是李华,家住江苏南京上海路80号,2005年暑假参加了全国中学生英语夏令营。请根据所给要点,给加拿大的笔友Thomas写一封信......

    写信日期:

    2005年8月10日。

    1.营址:烟台市。

    2.活动日期:7月底,4天.

    3.参加人员:全国中学生外语能力竞赛获胜者;中、美、英、澳英语教师。

    4.活动内容:

    (1)举行英语演讲比赛。

    (2)观看学生表演,浏览名胜。

    (3)交流英语学习经验感受:①提高了英语口语能力;②交了许多朋友;③玩得很开心。

    注意:

    1.包括所提供要点,可适当增减细节.

    2.词数100左右。

     

    To Thomas

    80 Shanghai Road

    Nanjing, Jiangsu, PRC

    Augustl0,2005

    Dear Thomas,

    Nice to hear from you again. This summer vacation, at the end of July, we winners of NEPCS went to a four-day summer camp held in Yantai. Some English teachers from China, The USA, England and Australia joined us. We had an English speech competition, watched wonderful performances given by the students in Yantai and visited some places of interest. Besides, we exchanged our English learning experience. All the time English was spoken. Thus our spoken English has greatly improved and I have made many new friends. We really had great fun in the camp.

    With best wishes!

     

    高考英语满分作文:通知

    学生会要组织一次音乐周活动,在五月的第一周举办。活动包括演唱流行歌曲,演奏古典和民间音乐和一个音乐比赛。如果你想演奏古典和民间音乐,请自带乐器。本次活动不提供乐器。

    1. Dear students,

    The Student Union is going to organize a music week. It is in the first week of May. The activities include singing pop songs, playing classical and folk music, and a musical competition. If you want to play classical and folk music, please bring musical instruments with you. No instruments are supplied. In the musical competition you will be asked to listen to part of a song or a piece of music and then tell where it is from. If you are interested in the activities and want to take part in any of them, please come to the Student Union to sign up before April 20th. The place for the activities will be announced later.

    Come to the great fun!

    Student Union

    April 10, 2003

     

    2. Dear students,

    Good news! The Student Union decides to hold a music week in the first week of May. The activities include singing pop songs, playing classical and folk music. If you play music, you yourself need to bring musical instruments. There is also a musical contest in the activities. In the contest the attenders will first listen to part of a song or a piece of music and then tell where it comes from. If you would like to take part in the activities,please come to the Student Union to sign up before April 20th. The place for the activities will be announced later.

    Come to have fun!

    Student Union

     

    高考英语满分作文:挑战未来

    摘要:今天下午我们学校在多功能教室举办了题为“挑战未来”的英语演讲比赛。那些擅长英语的学生参加了比赛。我作为观众去了多功能厅。

    May loth Monday Cloudy

    This afternoon my school held an English-speaking contest named"Challenging the Future" in the multi-function classroom. The students who are excellent at English took part in the contest. I just went there as an audience.

    I got a lot from their speech. In their speech, I found all of them had made full use of the present time and conditions to prepare for the future and used the known factors to challenge the unknown ones. From this I realized that we shouldn't waste our time of today and shouldn't put today's work off to tomorrow. Today is the base of tomorrow. I will no longer waste my present time. I am going to study hard and do good preparation for my future.

    5月10日 星期一 多云

    今天下午我们学校在多功能教室举办了题为“挑战未来”的英语演讲比赛。那些擅长英语的学生参加了比赛。我作为观众去了多功能厅。

    从他们的演讲中我学到了很多。在他们的演讲中,我发现他们都充分利用了现在的时间和条件来为未来做准备,用已知的因素来挑战未知的因素。由此我意识到我不应该浪费今天的时间,不应该把今天的事推到明天。今天是明天的基础,我不再浪费现在的时间。我打算好好学习为我的未来做好准备。

    May loth Monday Cloudy

    This afternoon my school held an English-speaking contest in the multi-function classroom. The contest was named "Challenging the Future"I was present at the contest as an audience.

    I learned a lot from their speech. They had different plans for the future. But as they challenged the future, they had something in common,that is, they all made full use of the present. The present is the base of the future.

    After the contest, I knew I needed a plan for my future as well. I must grasp my present time to realize my plan. I won't idle away the valuable time any more. I'm determined to study hard and improve myself. I will prepare to challenge my future.

     

    高考英语满分作文:Mobile Phone

    摘要:某校周刊在中学生中展开了就中学生能否在校园使用手机的大讨论。请你根据以下提示,发表自己的看法.

    1.手机是高科技的产物,它不仅体积小,重量轻,携带方便,而且通信快捷。它的功能齐全,既能用于通话,又能传递短信息和上网等。

    2.有不少中学生把手机带进学校,与家长和朋友保持联系,取代书信交流;有的学生甚至在考试中用手机传递答案,作考试作弊之用。

     

    Mobile Phone

    Being a product of high-technology,mobile phones are being more and more widely used. It's small in size, light in weight and easy to carry, offering fast and convenient service for communication.It's of multi-function. The users use it for calling, sending short messages and internet-surfing.

    In recent years, mobile phones have become popular among middle school students. Quite a few use them at school to keep in touch with their families and friends instead of writing letters, which, of course brings convenience to them. But I don't think it's good to do so.

    In spite of the advantage mentioned above, student users often waste a lot of time chatting over the phone in their spare time, some even use them to cheat in exams. In addition, mobile phone bill is also a heavy burden on students' families.

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